From the mythical to the philosophical...
Zeus is supposed to be in charge. He boasts of being stronger than all the other gods together but appears to avoid putting it to the test. See 'the golden rope', Il. 8.19. Hera is number two though she wants more, Athena is Tritogeneia, third-born (just as Zeus became first-born) and Aphrodite is fourth, though sometimes stronger than Zeus himself.
The solid red part is our Nomos, its border is Sophrosyne
cleverness (μῆτις), know-how,
"have" beauty or "be" beauty
"people (or army)'s justice"
"she rules by force"
God the Father
the Good is first
the Holy Spirit
we see that it's True
the hero who dies for us like Achilles
What is Good in Plato's Republic is made clear by the postulated similarity between the soul and the polis. The three classes of the population (
First, one important caveat: 'good' here is the qualitative good, not the moral good. It is a-moral (see the gods). Our platonist and christian habits of speech have really shifted the meaning of the word. So what is the good in ancient Greece?
A member of Plato's class, the aristocracy, would soon know the answer to that: 'we are'. We are Kalos kagathos; our fathers were the best men and we inherited their ἀρετὴ; we boast of being warriors and winners. Here is one characteristic of the good: it is that which gives status. But birth or boasting alone is not enough: a good man must be manly (ἀνδρεία) with all that implies: brave, dominant, steady (not going this way and that, ἔνθα καὶ ἔνθα(2) but straight on), and possessing spirit (the Homeric word is thymos, θῡμός)(3), an important concept which describes the man of quality. It implies all the above character traits and also a dynamic quality: ambition, energy, drive.
There is another aspect of the ancient Greek 'good': it is unchanging. A good apple is one that does not rot, a good sword stays sharp. Again, a natural point of view for an aristocrat. The proper order of society (themis) has the best people on top and this ought not to change. To be able to resist the onslaught of change, a thing needs power, strength. Thus the semantic range of the concept includes status, quality, power, courage(4).